Fitness Definitions

Forensic Psychiatry

Forensic Psychiatry

Forensic psychiatry applies the scientific study of mental illness to questions of law. It is a branch of medicine. Forensic psychiatry developed from many of the same principles and goals as law. These principles and goals include defining acceptable behaviors and resolving differences of opinion about intent and action. Forensic psychiatrists often independently evaluate people involved in a legal proceeding…

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Bodybuilding

Bodybuilding

Bodybuilding, or weight-training, is a sport and form of recreation in which people develop their muscles by lifting weights. By repeating exercises with progressively heavier weights, bodybuilders increase the size of their muscles. Bodybuilding is a conditioning and fitness activity. It can increase strength, speed, muscle endurance, and flexibility. When practiced correctly, bodybuilding can also strengthen the heart and improve…

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Sokol

Sokol

Sokol, Play this Pronunciation. «SOH kawl», is an international organization that stresses physical fitness and moral strength. The organization has no political or religious connections, and people of any age may join. Sokol was founded in Prague, in what is now the Czech Republic, in 1862. It has chapters in Australia, Canada, the United States, South America, and Europe. American…

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Amateur Athletic Union (AAU)

Amateur Athletic Union (AAU)

Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is an organization that promotes and develops amateur sports and physical fitness programs in the United States. The AAU is a nonprofit, volunteer group. The largest program sponsored by the organization is the Junior Olympic Games. In this annual competition, young people compete in such sports as basketball, gymnastics, swimming, track and field, and wrestling. The…

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Pilates

Pilates

Pilates, «puh LAH teez», is one of the most popular methods of physical fitness training worldwide. The Pilates method uses a series of more than 500 different exercises designed to increase flexibility, strength, and coordination. Joseph H. Pilates, a German physical trainer, developed the exercises in the 1920’s. Pilates was sickly as a child and dedicated his life to developing…

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Physical Fitness

Physical Fitness

Physical fitness is the ability to meet the physical demands of daily life and to resist diseases associated with inactivity. Physical fitness enables people to perform well in sports and other activities, and to look and feel their best. Physical fitness can be classified into two main kinds: (1) performance-related and (2) health-related. People face different physical demands in the…

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